Criminalizing “Pro-Immigrant” Initiatives: Reducing the Space of Human Action
The article addresses the problem of the surveillance, disciplining and criminalization of practices of non-governmental initiatives which offer help to irregular migrants, asylum seekers and refugees in Slovenia and four neighbouring countries. Based on original empirical work – interviews with members of NGOs – it analyses the dynamic of these processes through several stages of the “continuum of criminalization”. Five types of crimmigration policies and practices of authorities and other actors were identified which produce cumulative effects and reduce space for both political and human action as well as spontaneity.
KEY WORDS: crimmigration, humanitarianism, solidarity, irregular migrants, non-governmental actors