15 / 2002
Bruce Friedman, Juliet Stumpf

Speaking a New Language : Immigration and Civil Rights in a Global Economy

Migrations of worker’s currents across state borders confront nations with conflict relations to questions on cultural and economic status of the population at growing demands for work. In the United States of America the law on immigration- the fundamental instrument of the government for the control of borders of its country offered the answer. In defence before non-documented immigrations the government of the USA adopted a series of laws and put into force new strategies to control the effects of immigration on domestic market of labour force. But those strategies, which are to the protect the labour market, can cause disadvantageous consequences on it when not considering the civil legal rights of individuals within the same labour market. Those strategies can as well affect the individual outside labour force market in an unpredictable and negative way. The text thus analyses the interacting influences of the immigration and legal civil rights, and the consequences of that relation on the labour market, in both ways. Firstly, we are opening the question of the role of civil rights of individuals in the reformation of the immigration law (Act of 1986), which interdicted the employers to employ people to whom the state does grant the right to employ themselves. Attention is also directed on analysing the situation of victims of non-documented “transport of people” and of the law Violence Protection Act of 2000.