35 / 2012
Damir Josipovič

Instrumentalization of Ethnicity within Multi-National Countries: The Colonization of Slovenes in the Austro-Hungarian Part of the Former Yugoslavia


Through exploring politically motivated settlement into the strategically important areas of multi-eth- nic countries, this article deals with the presence of Slovenes in the former Austro-Hungarian territory of ex-Yugoslavia. Apart from a comparative analysis of census methodologies, which had recorded data on linguistic or ethnic affiliation in the period after the invention of modern population censuses in the mid-19th century, the author systematically examines the question of the quantitative and statistical presence of Slovenes in the successor states and territories of former Yugoslavia. The main group of arguments is concentrated around the idea of the so-called instrumentalization of ethnicity as a primary factor of planned migration by the state-centres of multi-ethnic countries (e.g. Austria-Hungary, former Yugoslavia). At the same time the paper argues that the motivation of either linguistic or ethnic affiliation to Slovene ethnicity evolved and developed independently of the actual migration flows.

KEY-WORDS: Slovenes, Yugoslavia, demographic analysis, migration, ethnicity, ethnic structure, population census

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