11-12 / 2000

Jernej Mlekuž

The role of the ‘original’ area in the definition of nationality: the case of nine ‘Slovene’ emigrants and their descendants living in Mendoza, Argentina

The connection of the group identity of a social group with the place in which it lives isformed through social relations and does not derive from the place itself. Emigrants and their descendants are constantly tom between the relations they have with the majority society and their relations within the emigrant community and the family; and thus they are constantly torn between the ‘original’ homeland and the new one. Attachment or affiliation to the ‘original’ area is closely linked to affiliation to an ‘original’ culture or ‘original’ ethnic identity, although the relationship is not always linear. It is usually difficultor impossible to differentiate between the milieu of place and culture, between feelings of territorial bonds or belonging and ethnic or national awareness.

11-12 / 2000

Jernej Mlekuž

The role of the ‘original’ area in the definition of nationality: the case of nine ‘Slovene’ emigrants and their descendants living in Mendoza, Argentina

The connection of the group identity of a social group with the place in which it lives isformed through social relations and does not derive from the place itself. Emigrants and their descendants are constantly tom between the relations they have with the majority society and their relations within the emigrant community and the family; and thus they are constantly torn between the ‘original’ homeland and the new one. Attachment or affiliation to the ‘original’ area is closely linked to affiliation to an ‘original’ culture or ‘original’ ethnic identity, although the relationship is not always linear. It is usually difficultor impossible to differentiate between the milieu of place and culture, between feelings of territorial bonds or belonging and ethnic or national awareness.

11-12 / 2000

Aleksej Kalc

Material on emigration from ‘Venetian Slovenia The case of the commune of Sovodnje/Savogna

The article deals with emigration from the commune of Sovodnje in Venetian Slovenia, the western most part of Slovene ethnic territory, situated in the Friuli-Venezia Giuliaregion (north-eastern Italy), and one of the most conspicuous emigration zones of this area. The first part of the article offers a review of emigration processes before and after the First World War on the basis of the commune’s population registers, with a special consideration of the orientation, progress and weight of emigration in the local socioeconomic system. The second part deals on the basis of personal testimony with the individual and collective emigration experiences of the population after the Second World War, when the phenomenon changed from predominantly temporary forms of emigration to a permanent dispersal of the population to all parts of the world, which resulted in thedying out of the original localities.

11-12 / 2000

Aleksej Kalc

Material on emigration from ‘Venetian Slovenia The case of the commune of Sovodnje/Savogna

The article deals with emigration from the commune of Sovodnje in Venetian Slovenia, the western most part of Slovene ethnic territory, situated in the Friuli-Venezia Giuliaregion (north-eastern Italy), and one of the most conspicuous emigration zones of this area. The first part of the article offers a review of emigration processes before and after the First World War on the basis of the commune’s population registers, with a special consideration of the orientation, progress and weight of emigration in the local socioeconomic system. The second part deals on the basis of personal testimony with the individual and collective emigration experiences of the population after the Second World War, when the phenomenon changed from predominantly temporary forms of emigration to a permanent dispersal of the population to all parts of the world, which resulted in thedying out of the original localities.

11-12 / 2000

Milena Bevc, Valentina Prevolnik-Rupel

External migration of the population of Slovenia and the extent of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia - the Nineties

The article, which is based on a research project titled »Migration in Slovenia within the context of EU accession«, starts with some basic methodological explanation and continues with the presentation of the »stock« of Slovene emigrants abroad and of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia, and finally, of external migration flows for the last two decades. At the end some main conclusions are presented. The core of the article is the presentation of external migration flows (legal and illegal). Statistically registered legal flows include- for the period till the mid 1990s - the flows of citizens of Slovenia, and after that also the flows of foreigners. Migration of citizens presents only a small part of total statistically registered flows. Regardless of the coverage of legal external flows net migration was positive during the last two decades. Illegal immigration is much higher than legal; during the second half of the 1990s it was 60% higher than the latter.

11-12 / 2000

Milena Bevc, Valentina Prevolnik-Rupel

External migration of the population of Slovenia and the extent of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia - the Nineties

The article, which is based on a research project titled »Migration in Slovenia within the context of EU accession«, starts with some basic methodological explanation and continues with the presentation of the »stock« of Slovene emigrants abroad and of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia, and finally, of external migration flows for the last two decades. At the end some main conclusions are presented. The core of the article is the presentation of external migration flows (legal and illegal). Statistically registered legal flows include- for the period till the mid 1990s - the flows of citizens of Slovenia, and after that also the flows of foreigners. Migration of citizens presents only a small part of total statistically registered flows. Regardless of the coverage of legal external flows net migration was positive during the last two decades. Illegal immigration is much higher than legal; during the second half of the 1990s it was 60% higher than the latter.

11-12 / 2000

Marjan Drnovšek

Slovene Emigration Material: A Round Table, Ljubljana, 31 May 2000

On 31 May 2000 a round table on the theme ‘Slovene Emigration Material’ was held in the Little Hall of SAZU’s Scientific Research Center in Ljubljana. Discussion was limited to issues relating to material created by emigrants and brought by various routes to Slovenia or the Slovene areas of Italy and A ustria (material from archivesand museums, ethnological material, art, literature, film and material recorded in otherways).
To coincide with the round table a Guide to the Archive Material of the ZRC SAZU Institute for Slovene Emigration Studies was published. The Guide was preparedby Dean Ceglar. It was also intended as an encouragement and a model publication to help other holders of this type of material.

11-12 / 2000

Marjan Drnovšek

Slovene Emigration Material: A Round Table, Ljubljana, 31 May 2000

On 31 May 2000 a round table on the theme ‘Slovene Emigration Material’ was held in the Little Hall of SAZU’s Scientific Research Center in Ljubljana. Discussion was limited to issues relating to material created by emigrants and brought by various routes to Slovenia or the Slovene areas of Italy and A ustria (material from archivesand museums, ethnological material, art, literature, film and material recorded in otherways).
To coincide with the round table a Guide to the Archive Material of the ZRC SAZU Institute for Slovene Emigration Studies was published. The Guide was preparedby Dean Ceglar. It was also intended as an encouragement and a model publication to help other holders of this type of material.

11-12 / 2000

Tatjana Žitnik

Bibliometrical analysis of the ten volumes of Dve domovini/Two Homelands

The bibliometrical analysis contains quantitative data on articles and papers published in Dve domovini / Two Homelands and on their authors. Between 1990 and 1999 210 texts by 87 authors were published, covering a total of 2,500 pages. Scholarly articles predom inate (they occupy 81 per cent of the total number of pages). Their share in relation to scholarlyand specialized papers is 88 per cent. The ratio of articles in Slovene to articles in English is 65:35. The journal has a strongly international character; 44 per cent of contributors are from countries other than Slovenia (a total of 14 different countries). A notablefeature is the interdisciplinary character of the journal, with contributors representing 15 different academic fields; 69 percent of contributors hold a master’s degree or doctorate;74 per cent of contributors are (were) employed at universities and institutes.

11-12 / 2000

Tatjana Žitnik

Bibliometrical analysis of the ten volumes of Dve domovini/Two Homelands

The bibliometrical analysis contains quantitative data on articles and papers published in Dve domovini / Two Homelands and on their authors. Between 1990 and 1999 210 texts by 87 authors were published, covering a total of 2,500 pages. Scholarly articles predom inate (they occupy 81 per cent of the total number of pages). Their share in relation to scholarlyand specialized papers is 88 per cent. The ratio of articles in Slovene to articles in English is 65:35. The journal has a strongly international character; 44 per cent of contributors are from countries other than Slovenia (a total of 14 different countries). A notablefeature is the interdisciplinary character of the journal, with contributors representing 15 different academic fields; 69 percent of contributors hold a master’s degree or doctorate;74 per cent of contributors are (were) employed at universities and institutes.