11-12 / 2000

Avgust Horvat

The periodical press in the post-war Slovene emigrant community in Argentina

Following their arrival in Argentina post-war Slovene emigrants continued their publishing activities just as they had in the refugee camps of Austria and Italy. They set themselves lofty goals. The numerous periodicals published by the emigrants are a constituentpart of their successful efforts to create in a foreign country a part of that homeland of which they had been deprived and to communicate their national values to subsequent generations. Although the community was not wealthy, its publishing activities, like all other areas of public life, were entirely financed from its own resources. Despite its great enthusiasm, however, the community was not able to sustain such a number of publications either in the financial sense or with the necessary number of intellectual contributions. More than fifty years later the second and third generations have not abandoned the publication of Slovene periodicals but are trying to preserve Slovene heritage in this field, in as far as they are still able to resist the process of assimilation.

11-12 / 2000

Avgust Horvat

The periodical press in the post-war Slovene emigrant community in Argentina

Following their arrival in Argentina post-war Slovene emigrants continued their publishing activities just as they had in the refugee camps of Austria and Italy. They set themselves lofty goals. The numerous periodicals published by the emigrants are a constituentpart of their successful efforts to create in a foreign country a part of that homeland of which they had been deprived and to communicate their national values to subsequent generations. Although the community was not wealthy, its publishing activities, like all other areas of public life, were entirely financed from its own resources. Despite its great enthusiasm, however, the community was not able to sustain such a number of publications either in the financial sense or with the necessary number of intellectual contributions. More than fifty years later the second and third generations have not abandoned the publication of Slovene periodicals but are trying to preserve Slovene heritage in this field, in as far as they are still able to resist the process of assimilation.

11-12 / 2000

Cvetka Kocjančič

Psychological adjustment of immigrants

The psychological problems of immigrants and their adjustment to a new land were the subject of many contemporary studies in the field of psychology, sociology and anthropology.Their findings systematically confirm more frequent incidences of mental illness among immigrants. However, there are so many variables affecting migration that no specific conclusion could be drawn as to the causes of this phenomenon. The motivation for migration has to be taken into account, as well as migrants’ personalities, the extent of their losses and their personal coping strategies, other traumatic events related to their migration, the attitude of the host country and its immigration policies, etc. Three different waves of Slovene immigrants to Canada experienced different degrees of culture shock and they devised different coping strategies. All three seem to utilize the power of religion, as well as the community support of various Slovene organizations, to cope with the anxiety caused by the unknown and unexpected.

11-12 / 2000

Cvetka Kocjančič

Psychological adjustment of immigrants

The psychological problems of immigrants and their adjustment to a new land were the subject of many contemporary studies in the field of psychology, sociology and anthropology.Their findings systematically confirm more frequent incidences of mental illness among immigrants. However, there are so many variables affecting migration that no specific conclusion could be drawn as to the causes of this phenomenon. The motivation for migration has to be taken into account, as well as migrants’ personalities, the extent of their losses and their personal coping strategies, other traumatic events related to their migration, the attitude of the host country and its immigration policies, etc. Three different waves of Slovene immigrants to Canada experienced different degrees of culture shock and they devised different coping strategies. All three seem to utilize the power of religion, as well as the community support of various Slovene organizations, to cope with the anxiety caused by the unknown and unexpected.

11-12 / 2000

Jernej Mlekuž

The role of the ‘original’ area in the definition of nationality: the case of nine ‘Slovene’ emigrants and their descendants living in Mendoza, Argentina

The connection of the group identity of a social group with the place in which it lives isformed through social relations and does not derive from the place itself. Emigrants and their descendants are constantly tom between the relations they have with the majority society and their relations within the emigrant community and the family; and thus they are constantly torn between the ‘original’ homeland and the new one. Attachment or affiliation to the ‘original’ area is closely linked to affiliation to an ‘original’ culture or ‘original’ ethnic identity, although the relationship is not always linear. It is usually difficultor impossible to differentiate between the milieu of place and culture, between feelings of territorial bonds or belonging and ethnic or national awareness.

11-12 / 2000

Jernej Mlekuž

The role of the ‘original’ area in the definition of nationality: the case of nine ‘Slovene’ emigrants and their descendants living in Mendoza, Argentina

The connection of the group identity of a social group with the place in which it lives isformed through social relations and does not derive from the place itself. Emigrants and their descendants are constantly tom between the relations they have with the majority society and their relations within the emigrant community and the family; and thus they are constantly torn between the ‘original’ homeland and the new one. Attachment or affiliation to the ‘original’ area is closely linked to affiliation to an ‘original’ culture or ‘original’ ethnic identity, although the relationship is not always linear. It is usually difficultor impossible to differentiate between the milieu of place and culture, between feelings of territorial bonds or belonging and ethnic or national awareness.

11-12 / 2000

Aleksej Kalc

Material on emigration from ‘Venetian Slovenia The case of the commune of Sovodnje/Savogna

The article deals with emigration from the commune of Sovodnje in Venetian Slovenia, the western most part of Slovene ethnic territory, situated in the Friuli-Venezia Giuliaregion (north-eastern Italy), and one of the most conspicuous emigration zones of this area. The first part of the article offers a review of emigration processes before and after the First World War on the basis of the commune’s population registers, with a special consideration of the orientation, progress and weight of emigration in the local socioeconomic system. The second part deals on the basis of personal testimony with the individual and collective emigration experiences of the population after the Second World War, when the phenomenon changed from predominantly temporary forms of emigration to a permanent dispersal of the population to all parts of the world, which resulted in thedying out of the original localities.

11-12 / 2000

Aleksej Kalc

Material on emigration from ‘Venetian Slovenia The case of the commune of Sovodnje/Savogna

The article deals with emigration from the commune of Sovodnje in Venetian Slovenia, the western most part of Slovene ethnic territory, situated in the Friuli-Venezia Giuliaregion (north-eastern Italy), and one of the most conspicuous emigration zones of this area. The first part of the article offers a review of emigration processes before and after the First World War on the basis of the commune’s population registers, with a special consideration of the orientation, progress and weight of emigration in the local socioeconomic system. The second part deals on the basis of personal testimony with the individual and collective emigration experiences of the population after the Second World War, when the phenomenon changed from predominantly temporary forms of emigration to a permanent dispersal of the population to all parts of the world, which resulted in thedying out of the original localities.

11-12 / 2000

Milena Bevc, Valentina Prevolnik-Rupel

External migration of the population of Slovenia and the extent of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia - the Nineties

The article, which is based on a research project titled »Migration in Slovenia within the context of EU accession«, starts with some basic methodological explanation and continues with the presentation of the »stock« of Slovene emigrants abroad and of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia, and finally, of external migration flows for the last two decades. At the end some main conclusions are presented. The core of the article is the presentation of external migration flows (legal and illegal). Statistically registered legal flows include- for the period till the mid 1990s - the flows of citizens of Slovenia, and after that also the flows of foreigners. Migration of citizens presents only a small part of total statistically registered flows. Regardless of the coverage of legal external flows net migration was positive during the last two decades. Illegal immigration is much higher than legal; during the second half of the 1990s it was 60% higher than the latter.

11-12 / 2000

Milena Bevc, Valentina Prevolnik-Rupel

External migration of the population of Slovenia and the extent of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia - the Nineties

The article, which is based on a research project titled »Migration in Slovenia within the context of EU accession«, starts with some basic methodological explanation and continues with the presentation of the »stock« of Slovene emigrants abroad and of immigrants/foreigners in Slovenia, and finally, of external migration flows for the last two decades. At the end some main conclusions are presented. The core of the article is the presentation of external migration flows (legal and illegal). Statistically registered legal flows include- for the period till the mid 1990s - the flows of citizens of Slovenia, and after that also the flows of foreigners. Migration of citizens presents only a small part of total statistically registered flows. Regardless of the coverage of legal external flows net migration was positive during the last two decades. Illegal immigration is much higher than legal; during the second half of the 1990s it was 60% higher than the latter.