11-12 / 2000

Marcelo Basaldúa, Marta Maffia, Klaus Mehltreter

Construction of an ethnographical database of groups of immigrants and their descendants in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina - excluding Spanish and Itali

In Argentina, research about immigration has traditionally been made fundamentally upon two majorities: Spanish and Italian. There were few specific anthropological studies concerning small and medium groups of immigrants. It was agreed that a database would be the best tool which would allow to recognize the profile of the studied communities and those which will be studied in the future. Polling was selected as the most convenient technique tocollect the data for the database presented in this article. The final objective o f this project is to undertake a socio-cultural survey of all groups of immigrants and their descendants (excluding Spanish and Italian), resident within the Province of Buenos Aires.

11-12 / 2000

Marcelo Basaldúa, Marta Maffia, Klaus Mehltreter

Construction of an ethnographical database of groups of immigrants and their descendants in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina - excluding Spanish and Itali

In Argentina, research about immigration has traditionally been made fundamentally upon two majorities: Spanish and Italian. There were few specific anthropological studies concerning small and medium groups of immigrants. It was agreed that a database would be the best tool which would allow to recognize the profile of the studied communities and those which will be studied in the future. Polling was selected as the most convenient technique tocollect the data for the database presented in this article. The final objective o f this project is to undertake a socio-cultural survey of all groups of immigrants and their descendants (excluding Spanish and Italian), resident within the Province of Buenos Aires.

11-12 / 2000

Tadeusz Paleczny

Two emigrations - two nationalisms: Irish-American and Polish-American nationalisms in the United States

Irish-American and Polish-American types of nationalism were passing through various evolutional phases. They developed from the homogeneous nationalism, directed toward the mother country’s community, through the double nationalism (the ethnic nationalism phase) to the American civil nationalism. The dominating tendency in the evolution of the Irish and Polish types o f nationalism in the U.S. was accompanied by various kinds of the extreme national ideologies. The article attempts to describe the dominating tendency in the evolution of Irish-American and Polish-American types of nationalism in the U.S.

11-12 / 2000

Tadeusz Paleczny

Two emigrations - two nationalisms: Irish-American and Polish-American nationalisms in the United States

Irish-American and Polish-American types of nationalism were passing through various evolutional phases. They developed from the homogeneous nationalism, directed toward the mother country’s community, through the double nationalism (the ethnic nationalism phase) to the American civil nationalism. The dominating tendency in the evolution of the Irish and Polish types o f nationalism in the U.S. was accompanied by various kinds of the extreme national ideologies. The article attempts to describe the dominating tendency in the evolution of Irish-American and Polish-American types of nationalism in the U.S.

11-12 / 2000

Adam Walaszek

Poland as the »Promised Land«: Polish-American corporations and Poland after World War I

The article discusses the problem of return migration from the USA to Poland after World War I, particularly one aspect of it: the ideologically motivated returns of organizers of approximately 200 cooperatives and corporations, the activity of which was transplanted to independent Poland. Most of these attempts failed and the image of Poland as the »Promised Land« for fonner emigrants disappeared.

11-12 / 2000

Adam Walaszek

Poland as the »Promised Land«: Polish-American corporations and Poland after World War I

The article discusses the problem of return migration from the USA to Poland after World War I, particularly one aspect of it: the ideologically motivated returns of organizers of approximately 200 cooperatives and corporations, the activity of which was transplanted to independent Poland. Most of these attempts failed and the image of Poland as the »Promised Land« for fonner emigrants disappeared.

11-12 / 2000

Avgust Horvat

The periodical press in the post-war Slovene emigrant community in Argentina

Following their arrival in Argentina post-war Slovene emigrants continued their publishing activities just as they had in the refugee camps of Austria and Italy. They set themselves lofty goals. The numerous periodicals published by the emigrants are a constituentpart of their successful efforts to create in a foreign country a part of that homeland of which they had been deprived and to communicate their national values to subsequent generations. Although the community was not wealthy, its publishing activities, like all other areas of public life, were entirely financed from its own resources. Despite its great enthusiasm, however, the community was not able to sustain such a number of publications either in the financial sense or with the necessary number of intellectual contributions. More than fifty years later the second and third generations have not abandoned the publication of Slovene periodicals but are trying to preserve Slovene heritage in this field, in as far as they are still able to resist the process of assimilation.

11-12 / 2000

Avgust Horvat

The periodical press in the post-war Slovene emigrant community in Argentina

Following their arrival in Argentina post-war Slovene emigrants continued their publishing activities just as they had in the refugee camps of Austria and Italy. They set themselves lofty goals. The numerous periodicals published by the emigrants are a constituentpart of their successful efforts to create in a foreign country a part of that homeland of which they had been deprived and to communicate their national values to subsequent generations. Although the community was not wealthy, its publishing activities, like all other areas of public life, were entirely financed from its own resources. Despite its great enthusiasm, however, the community was not able to sustain such a number of publications either in the financial sense or with the necessary number of intellectual contributions. More than fifty years later the second and third generations have not abandoned the publication of Slovene periodicals but are trying to preserve Slovene heritage in this field, in as far as they are still able to resist the process of assimilation.

11-12 / 2000

Cvetka Kocjančič

Psychological adjustment of immigrants

The psychological problems of immigrants and their adjustment to a new land were the subject of many contemporary studies in the field of psychology, sociology and anthropology.Their findings systematically confirm more frequent incidences of mental illness among immigrants. However, there are so many variables affecting migration that no specific conclusion could be drawn as to the causes of this phenomenon. The motivation for migration has to be taken into account, as well as migrants’ personalities, the extent of their losses and their personal coping strategies, other traumatic events related to their migration, the attitude of the host country and its immigration policies, etc. Three different waves of Slovene immigrants to Canada experienced different degrees of culture shock and they devised different coping strategies. All three seem to utilize the power of religion, as well as the community support of various Slovene organizations, to cope with the anxiety caused by the unknown and unexpected.

11-12 / 2000

Cvetka Kocjančič

Psychological adjustment of immigrants

The psychological problems of immigrants and their adjustment to a new land were the subject of many contemporary studies in the field of psychology, sociology and anthropology.Their findings systematically confirm more frequent incidences of mental illness among immigrants. However, there are so many variables affecting migration that no specific conclusion could be drawn as to the causes of this phenomenon. The motivation for migration has to be taken into account, as well as migrants’ personalities, the extent of their losses and their personal coping strategies, other traumatic events related to their migration, the attitude of the host country and its immigration policies, etc. Three different waves of Slovene immigrants to Canada experienced different degrees of culture shock and they devised different coping strategies. All three seem to utilize the power of religion, as well as the community support of various Slovene organizations, to cope with the anxiety caused by the unknown and unexpected.