49 / 2019

Miha Zobec

The Surveillance and Persecution of Slovene Antifascists in Argentina: How the Authorities Conspired in Combating “Undesired” Immigration

Opposition to the fascist policy in the Julian March, as well as to fascism in general, led to close surveillance of Slovene emigrants from this area by Fascist Italy. The author first provides an outline of the Italian surveillance of the activities promoted by emigrant associations, then analyses the pressure exerted by the Argentine authorities on leftist emigrants and the sharing of their criminal records with Italy, and finally focuses on antifascist activities promoted by female immigrants. He argues that the Italian extraterritorial surveillance depended on the type of emigrant transnational political engagement, which was motivated by increased suppression of the minorities in the Julian March.
KEY WORDS: fascist surveillance, emigrants from the Julian March, antifascism, emigrant political engagement, extraterritorial control of emigrants

49 / 2019

Miha Zobec

The Surveillance and Persecution of Slovene Antifascists in Argentina: How the Authorities Conspired in Combating “Undesired” Immigration

Opposition to the fascist policy in the Julian March, as well as to fascism in general, led to close surveillance of Slovene emigrants from this area by Fascist Italy. The author first provides an outline of the Italian surveillance of the activities promoted by emigrant associations, then analyses the pressure exerted by the Argentine authorities on leftist emigrants and the sharing of their criminal records with Italy, and finally focuses on antifascist activities promoted by female immigrants. He argues that the Italian extraterritorial surveillance depended on the type of emigrant transnational political engagement, which was motivated by increased suppression of the minorities in the Julian March.
KEY WORDS: fascist surveillance, emigrants from the Julian March, antifascism, emigrant political engagement, extraterritorial control of emigrants

49 / 2019

Neža Čebron Lipovec

Post-War Urbanism along the Contested Border: Some Observations on Koper/Capodistria and Trieste/Trst

The article presents observations from recent architectural historical research on the post-war construction of Slovene coastal towns. The urban planning concepts that formed the “Slovenian Coast” and followed the migration processes are explored. The solutions for the Slovenian Coast are compared with contemporary urban plans for Trieste, set in a larger historical framework. Certain interventions in “ethnically pure” locations (new settlements called ‘borghi’ on the Karst boundary surrounding Trieste; new construction in the Venetian core of Capodistria) are highlighted, and approaches in the design of new urban areas and two symbolic spaces of representations on both sides of the border are compared.
KEY WORDS: post-war urbanism, symbolic marking of space, Koper/Capodistria, Trieste/Trst, border

49 / 2019

Neža Čebron Lipovec

Post-War Urbanism along the Contested Border: Some Observations on Koper/Capodistria and Trieste/Trst

The article presents observations from recent architectural historical research on the post-war construction of Slovene coastal towns. The urban planning concepts that formed the “Slovenian Coast” and followed the migration processes are explored. The solutions for the Slovenian Coast are compared with contemporary urban plans for Trieste, set in a larger historical framework. Certain interventions in “ethnically pure” locations (new settlements called ‘borghi’ on the Karst boundary surrounding Trieste; new construction in the Venetian core of Capodistria) are highlighted, and approaches in the design of new urban areas and two symbolic spaces of representations on both sides of the border are compared.
KEY WORDS: post-war urbanism, symbolic marking of space, Koper/Capodistria, Trieste/Trst, border

49 / 2019

Igor Jovanović

Illegal Migration from the Croatian Part of Istria from 1945 to 1968

The author analyses illegal emigration from the Croatian part of Istria from the end of World War II to the late1960s. The migrations mentioned in the article came to light through s oral histories and a small number of archives. Immediately after 1945 the illegal migrations were the result of the political and economic situation, but later have the reasons were primarily economic. The author notes that the exodus and the illegal immigration are two processes which were taking place independently of each other. He also points out that there is very little written or oral material about illegal immigration before the beginning of the 21th century. There is also no literature on this topic and the archives remain unexplored.
KEY WORDS: illegal migration, Istria, phases of illegal migration, oral history

49 / 2019

Igor Jovanović

Illegal Migration from the Croatian Part of Istria from 1945 to 1968

The author analyses illegal emigration from the Croatian part of Istria from the end of World War II to the late1960s. The migrations mentioned in the article came to light through s oral histories and a small number of archives. Immediately after 1945 the illegal migrations were the result of the political and economic situation, but later have the reasons were primarily economic. The author notes that the exodus and the illegal immigration are two processes which were taking place independently of each other. He also points out that there is very little written or oral material about illegal immigration before the beginning of the 21th century. There is also no literature on this topic and the archives remain unexplored.
KEY WORDS: illegal migration, Istria, phases of illegal migration, oral history

49 / 2019

Katja Hrobat Virloget

The “Istrian Exodus” and the Istrian Society that Followed It

This ethnologic study focuses on the aftermath of the “Istrian exodus”, including the conflicting national discourses concerning it and the related silenced memories. Various migration processes are highlighted on the basis of memories. Analysing the social processes that took place in Istrian society after the exodus, the paper examines the concepts of the “other” and of “home”, and the establishment of symbolic boundaries.
KEY WORDS: exodus, aftermath, Istrian society, migrations, symbolic boundaries

49 / 2019

Katja Hrobat Virloget

The “Istrian Exodus” and the Istrian Society that Followed It

This ethnologic study focuses on the aftermath of the “Istrian exodus”, including the conflicting national discourses concerning it and the related silenced memories. Various migration processes are highlighted on the basis of memories. Analysing the social processes that took place in Istrian society after the exodus, the paper examines the concepts of the “other” and of “home”, and the establishment of symbolic boundaries.
KEY WORDS: exodus, aftermath, Istrian society, migrations, symbolic boundaries

49 / 2019

Aleksej Kalc

The Other Side of the “Istrian Exodus”: Immigration and Social Restoration in Slovenian Coastal Towns in the 1950s

The article addresses the migration processes in the fifteen years after WWII in what is today’s Slovenian coastal region. The main emphasis is on the immigration following the annexation of this area to socialist Yugoslavia in 1954. The replacement of the population, the radical change of the ethnic structure and the geography of the immigration inflow are outlined. Some questions that affected the immigration and repopulation process are discussed and some possibilities for further research are presented, i.e. the policy and management of the migration processes, the inclusion patterns of the newcomers and the relationships among the indigenous and immigrant components.
KEY WORDS: Slovenian coastal region, Istrian exodus, immigration, population replacement, ethnic change

49 / 2019

Aleksej Kalc

The Other Side of the “Istrian Exodus”: Immigration and Social Restoration in Slovenian Coastal Towns in the 1950s

The article addresses the migration processes in the fifteen years after WWII in what is today’s Slovenian coastal region. The main emphasis is on the immigration following the annexation of this area to socialist Yugoslavia in 1954. The replacement of the population, the radical change of the ethnic structure and the geography of the immigration inflow are outlined. Some questions that affected the immigration and repopulation process are discussed and some possibilities for further research are presented, i.e. the policy and management of the migration processes, the inclusion patterns of the newcomers and the relationships among the indigenous and immigrant components.
KEY WORDS: Slovenian coastal region, Istrian exodus, immigration, population replacement, ethnic change