41 / 2015

Milanka Munda, Mojca Peček

Class Mates' and Teachers' Attitudes toward Roma Pupils in Elementary Schools in Maribor

ABSTRACT
Roma in Maribor are an atypical community, working class and urban, but also one that is often subject to discrimination. By conducting interviews with 77 Roma elementary school pupils, the article tries to ascertain through questions about the peers’ and teachers’ attitude to Roma pupils whether and in what ways this is reflected in elementary school. The results show that majority of Roma pupils feel accepted by their peers and treated fairly by their teachers, while a few Roma pupils provide examples of open discrimination. Such results can be interpreted in the context of high quality work with Roma children by most education professionals, but also in the wider social context since inclusion of Roma children in the education system requires commitment of the society as a whole to improve not only their education but also employment opportunities and housing. The current situation in the society is not conducive to such changes; it is therefore left to teachers and schools to carry most weight.
KEY WORDS: Roma pupils, class mates’ attitudes, teachers’ attitudes, discrimination, elementary school

41 / 2015

Milanka Munda, Mojca Peček

Class Mates' and Teachers' Attitudes toward Roma Pupils in Elementary Schools in Maribor

ABSTRACT
Roma in Maribor are an atypical community, working class and urban, but also one that is often subject to discrimination. By conducting interviews with 77 Roma elementary school pupils, the article tries to ascertain through questions about the peers’ and teachers’ attitude to Roma pupils whether and in what ways this is reflected in elementary school. The results show that majority of Roma pupils feel accepted by their peers and treated fairly by their teachers, while a few Roma pupils provide examples of open discrimination. Such results can be interpreted in the context of high quality work with Roma children by most education professionals, but also in the wider social context since inclusion of Roma children in the education system requires commitment of the society as a whole to improve not only their education but also employment opportunities and housing. The current situation in the society is not conducive to such changes; it is therefore left to teachers and schools to carry most weight.
KEY WORDS: Roma pupils, class mates’ attitudes, teachers’ attitudes, discrimination, elementary school

41 / 2015

Klara Kožar Rosulnik, Nives Ličen

Intertwining of Migrations and Learning: Biographic Learning as Forming an Identity and Knowledge through Migration Experiences

ABSTRACT
The text presents migration experiences as a field of learning interpreted through the biographic learning theory. Migrations represent important life transitions creating learning opportunities both on the macro level by individuals facing cultural systems, and on the micro level through tiny stories of an individual’s experiencing of relationships and transitions. The text deals with biographic learning as a process that takes place in everyday life and signifies a (re)construction of identity, knowledge, skills, attitudes and values. In this process, the subject is auto-reflective, an active “producer” of knowledge and constructor of their own identity. With learning, their life sphere changes through reflective narration and reflective practices of everyday life. The purpose of the paper is to analyse biographic learning and to describe it as a conceptual tool used to research learning by means of migrations as transformative experiences.
KEY WORDS: migration, biographical learning, disjunction, identity

41 / 2015

Klara Kožar Rosulnik, Nives Ličen

Intertwining of Migrations and Learning: Biographic Learning as Forming an Identity and Knowledge through Migration Experiences

ABSTRACT
The text presents migration experiences as a field of learning interpreted through the biographic learning theory. Migrations represent important life transitions creating learning opportunities both on the macro level by individuals facing cultural systems, and on the micro level through tiny stories of an individual’s experiencing of relationships and transitions. The text deals with biographic learning as a process that takes place in everyday life and signifies a (re)construction of identity, knowledge, skills, attitudes and values. In this process, the subject is auto-reflective, an active “producer” of knowledge and constructor of their own identity. With learning, their life sphere changes through reflective narration and reflective practices of everyday life. The purpose of the paper is to analyse biographic learning and to describe it as a conceptual tool used to research learning by means of migrations as transformative experiences.
KEY WORDS: migration, biographical learning, disjunction, identity

41 / 2015

Marija Jurić Pahor

The University as a Transnational and Transcultural Space: Reflections on the Rising “Knowledge Elite”

ABSTRACT
Drawing on globalization theory and the concept of the university as a globally connected and interrelated space, the paper shows that transnational mobility of students, researchers and professors has greatly increased since the 1990s. This trend can also be noticed in the Alpe-Adria region and in Slovenia. The paper stresses that transnational mobility is especially characteristic of the “knowledge elite”, which consists of an increasing number of young people. With the help of focused interviews, which can be frequently found in the media, the paper emphasises that the “knowledge elite” is not to be considered separate from the present crisis of neoliberal global capitalism, which forces people into “marginal mobility”. The paper finally points out that the transnationalization of the university is also expressed in its transculturalism, which represents something other than merely an intensified union and medley of various national and cultural generations, as it means interweaving and connecting different cultures of knowledge into a new, so far unknown composition.
KEY WORDS: university, transnational space, transcultural space, knowledge elite, transnational mobility

41 / 2015

Marija Jurić Pahor

The University as a Transnational and Transcultural Space: Reflections on the Rising “Knowledge Elite”

ABSTRACT
Drawing on globalization theory and the concept of the university as a globally connected and interrelated space, the paper shows that transnational mobility of students, researchers and professors has greatly increased since the 1990s. This trend can also be noticed in the Alpe-Adria region and in Slovenia. The paper stresses that transnational mobility is especially characteristic of the “knowledge elite”, which consists of an increasing number of young people. With the help of focused interviews, which can be frequently found in the media, the paper emphasises that the “knowledge elite” is not to be considered separate from the present crisis of neoliberal global capitalism, which forces people into “marginal mobility”. The paper finally points out that the transnationalization of the university is also expressed in its transculturalism, which represents something other than merely an intensified union and medley of various national and cultural generations, as it means interweaving and connecting different cultures of knowledge into a new, so far unknown composition.
KEY WORDS: university, transnational space, transcultural space, knowledge elite, transnational mobility

41 / 2015

Karmen Erjavec

Role of Media in Construction of Identity and Integration of Young Migrant Adolescents from Former Yugoslavia in Slovenian Society

ABSTRACT
Article answers on the question, what is the role of the media in the construction of identity and integration of young migrant adolescents from former Yugoslavia in Slovenian society. The theoretical section conceptualizes the relationship among socialization, integration, identity and media use by adolescents. The main section represents results of in-depth interviews with migrant adolescents from the former Yugoslavia. They show that media play an important role in the integration of migrant adolescents. Interviewees regularly use the Internet for maintaining old and establishing new intra-ethnic and inter-ethnic relations, receiving validation for their views and actions, and acceptance by their peers. Media play a conflicting role in the identification with a new society. On the one hand, their negative representation of the migrants deepens the gap between majority and ethnic minorities; on the other hand, the personal inter-ethnic communication on the Internet reduces this gap.
KEY WORDS: adolescents, immigration, polymedia, Slovenia, countries of former Yugoslavia

41 / 2015

Karmen Erjavec

Role of Media in Construction of Identity and Integration of Young Migrant Adolescents from Former Yugoslavia in Slovenian Society

ABSTRACT
Article answers on the question, what is the role of the media in the construction of identity and integration of young migrant adolescents from former Yugoslavia in Slovenian society. The theoretical section conceptualizes the relationship among socialization, integration, identity and media use by adolescents. The main section represents results of in-depth interviews with migrant adolescents from the former Yugoslavia. They show that media play an important role in the integration of migrant adolescents. Interviewees regularly use the Internet for maintaining old and establishing new intra-ethnic and inter-ethnic relations, receiving validation for their views and actions, and acceptance by their peers. Media play a conflicting role in the identification with a new society. On the one hand, their negative representation of the migrants deepens the gap between majority and ethnic minorities; on the other hand, the personal inter-ethnic communication on the Internet reduces this gap.
KEY WORDS: adolescents, immigration, polymedia, Slovenia, countries of former Yugoslavia

41 / 2015

Aleš Bučar Ručman

Analysis of Migrations and Relations in Multicultural Society: A Case Study of the City Municipality of Velenje

ABSTRACT
The paper presents an analysis of migrations in the city municipality of Velenje and of the relations among immigrants, their offspring, and the local population. International immigration to Velenje had two peaks, the first one in the 1970s and 1980s and the second one in the period between 2005–2009. The immigrants came mostly from the area of the former SFRY. In the first period, male immigrants were shortly followed by women, but the immigrant population in the whole of the second period was predominantly male. Our field research revealed that people of different nationalities and ethnic origin established successful coexistence, good community relations in daily social interactions, and solidarity. People do form inter-ethnic friendships, but differences are observed with regard to intimate relationships. They still prefer partners from their own ethnic group. Intolerance is not widespread in the local community, though there exist some worrying examples of bullying and inappropriate attitude towards immigrant offspring in schools.
KEY WORDS: immigrants, migrations, Velenje, relations in multicultural society, intolerance

41 / 2015

Aleš Bučar Ručman

Analysis of Migrations and Relations in Multicultural Society: A Case Study of the City Municipality of Velenje

ABSTRACT
The paper presents an analysis of migrations in the city municipality of Velenje and of the relations among immigrants, their offspring, and the local population. International immigration to Velenje had two peaks, the first one in the 1970s and 1980s and the second one in the period between 2005–2009. The immigrants came mostly from the area of the former SFRY. In the first period, male immigrants were shortly followed by women, but the immigrant population in the whole of the second period was predominantly male. Our field research revealed that people of different nationalities and ethnic origin established successful coexistence, good community relations in daily social interactions, and solidarity. People do form inter-ethnic friendships, but differences are observed with regard to intimate relationships. They still prefer partners from their own ethnic group. Intolerance is not widespread in the local community, though there exist some worrying examples of bullying and inappropriate attitude towards immigrant offspring in schools.
KEY WORDS: immigrants, migrations, Velenje, relations in multicultural society, intolerance